Technical notes

SRC Search

To cover a wide range of wording and orthographic readings the search includes alternative prefix, superscript and suffix combinations and ignores a number of grammatical syllable endings and particles.
Please consider searching for prefix/superscript/suffix-variations and alternative wording (e.g. word contractions, orthographic abbreviations).

Etext Search

Exact Matches: This tab show occurrences that have the exact wording and spelling.

Phrase Matches: This tab displays occurrences with an alternative wording (no direct navigation possible). Phrase matches include results…

- with orthographic variation (different prefixation/suffixation)
- with alternative wording (occurrence of stopwords: gis, kyis, gyis, yis, gi, kyi, gyi, yi, pa'i, ba'i, par, bar)
- with word break-up (pagination and glosses)
- …

Wylie Transliteration

Please notice that Wylie etexts automatically generated from Tibetan inputs contain unwanted conversion results for the syllables དངས་ (always converted to Wylie “dngas”) and དགས་ (always converted to Wylie “dgas”).


acc. according
bet. between
c. circa
ch. chapter
cent. century
ed. editor
eds. editors
est. established
et al.
et passim
fig. figure
fl. flourished
ff. folios (not fols.) > vereinheitlichen!
n. footnote
no. number
pl. plate
prob. probably
ms. manuscript (not MS or MSS)
r. ??? reign
TOC table of contents
xyl. xylograph

D – Tōhoku catalogue number, i.e. Tōhoku Derge catalogue [1934]
P – Ōtani catalogue number

NLB – the National Library of Bhutan, i.e. 'brug rgyal yongs dpe mdzod/

SRC reference title (indicates the format/status or language of a title)

[ms] = manuscript
[mst] = SRC master entry; entry holds general information on a title, but no publication data
[ref] = title from reference; title unavailable/inaccessible
[dig] = digital version (i.e. website, textinput or printout)
[xyl] = xylograph

[repr] = reprint

[chin] = Chinese
[eng] = English
[tib] = Tibetan


[adm] = administrative unit

Editorial Signs (transcribed text)

- pagination and editorial interventions in square brackets […]
- emendations in braces: (=…)
- author annotations in curly brackets: {…}
- unclear readings marked with question mark