Tibetan flashcards for Anki

Here are two sets of Tibetan Unicode flashcards for studying Tibetan language with "Anki": You can edit the sets or create your own flashcards with text, sound or images. The Anki desktop flashcard app for Windows is freeware.

Further Links


Printing Tibetan texts in Pecha format

There are basically two ways to print texts in Pecha format from a PDF (provided that each folio is a single page in the PDF document)

1. Customising the print settings

  • Printing multiple folios on a single page can easily be done through customising the print settings (choose size, folios per page)

Remarks - printing multiple folios on one page as traditional upside-down Pecha in duplex mode is not possible due to the distorted folio pagination - the original page size gets automatically reduced when printing multiple folios on a single page!

2. Re-organizing of the folio sequence

To print a traditional 2-sided, upside-down Pecha from a PDF document can be achieved by rearranging the folio sequence with additional software like the....

A) BDRC Pecha printer

  • software to generate a PDF for Pecha-printout (2-sided, upside-down, duplex print, A4 or A3 size)
  • download from GitHub: "པར་གཞི་སྒྲིག་ཆས། Pecha Printer": (accessed: 2021-03-29)

Remarks - images resized (scaled to 300 dpi), reordered and rearranged

B) PDFill

Remarks - folios images not resized

Example: 2 folios on A4 landscape page (duplex)

  1. split/reorder pages" add sequence (e.g. for 20 folios): 1,3,4,2,5,7,8,6,9,11,12,10,13,15,16,14,17,19,20

  2. "reformat multiple folios" into one page


Searching text corpora in Tibetan Unicode

This post introduces two free applications that we recently tested for searching through the Tibetan Unicode text corpora that have kindly been made available by "ACIP":, "BDRC zenodo":, "BDRC OpenPecha":, "Esukhia":, "": and others. Each application has its own advantages and shortcomings as regards usability and performance, also they return different search results.

1) "Docfetcher": (accessed: 2020-06-20)

  • desktop search application for Windows, Linux and OS X (open source)
  • supports txt files and many other document formats, but no xml (those files need to be renamed into txt files before creating the index)
  • index-based search
  • search in "quotation marks"

Docfetcher, "ནག་པོ་པ"

2) "AntConc": (accessed: 2020-06-20)

  • corpus analysis toolkit for concordancing and text analysis for Windows, Linux and OS X (freeware)
  • supports txt, html and xml files (hide tags-function)
  • searches files live (performance slow, crashes frequently on macOS Catalina)
  • particular settings for proper Tibetan display (font and font size) and search in Tibetan required; see "Esukhia, GitHub":
  • direct Tibetan input (searchbar) does not work under Windows 10 (copy paste search phrase)

p=. !, "ནག་པོ་པ")!


Sources on Lamdre/Hevajra lineage in the Collected Writings pa the Early Sakya Masters

provisional list on early sources on the Lamdre transmission in the sa skya bka' 'bum/


Tibetan Pronunciation - learning material

Resources for learning proper pronunciation of Central Tibetan dialect (dbus skad/) as a second language

h2. Published Material

  • Pronunciation drills in Manual of standard Tibetan: language and civilization (i.e. Tournadre & Dorje 2003, drills on CD)
  • Lhasa verbs: a practical introduction (i.e. Lhasa verbs [2004]), with interactive CD; dataset available from "zenodo": (accessed: 2019-12-30)
  • Learning material by Chok Tenzin Monlam , Speak fluent Tibetan (i.e. Chok 2013, with CD) and Standard Tibetan pronunciation: a breakthrough in learning to pronounce and read (i.e. Chok forthcoming, unpublished)
  • rigs pa'i gter/ 'dzin grwa dang po'i slob deb/ (bod kyi gzhi rim skad yig slob deb/ skya smon lam thebs rtsa khang /, 2020. gong dkar dga' ba/ et al. eds.), pp. 9-11

h2. Online Resources

h2. Further Reading


Tibetan display on Windows 10

Change the appearance of Tibetan filenames under Win10

  • download and run a free version of "Advanced System Font Changer (": (accessed: 2020-03-24)
  • change Icon font from "Seqoe UI" (9pt) to "Monlam Uni Sans Serif" (10pt)
  • if desired, change also the Menu font to "Monlam Uni Sans Serif" (10pt)
  • apply changes and log off
  • Tibetan filenames are now in proper size and clearly readable. :-)

Proper Tibetan display under Win10



List of liturgy and prayer books of the Sakyapa

!-- --

  • dpal sa skya'i chos sgar gyi dbyar gnas skabs nyer mkho'i zhal 'don phyogs bsgrigs/ (Rajpur: Sakya Centre, 2014) epub available from "dpal ldan sa skya'i 'phrul deb khang /":, compiled by thal phrug sprul ming ngag dbang / (accessed: 2020-03-20)

  • sa skya'i chos spyod kyi dkar chag bzhugs so/ online etexts uploaded by "rgyal yongs sa chen dra ba/": (accessed: 2020-03-20)

  • gong dkar rdo rje gdan gyi chos spyod/ (Dehradun: Gongkar Choede, 2009) pdf available from "chos dung dkar po/": (accessed: 2020-03-21)

  • dpal gsang rwa ba smad kyi chos spyod rig grol gshog rlabs rgyas pa'i skal bzang bung ba'i rol mtsho/ ngag dbang legs pa rgya mtsho/ ed. (Dehradun: sa rngog rig gzhung dpe tshogs/, 2013) pdf available from "chos dung dkar po/": (accessed: 2020-03-21)


Online Glosseries

This post assembles a short lists of online glossaries for Tibetan terminology in the different literary fields; further reference material for specialized Tibetan terminology is catalogued under the keywords/topics: "T181: administrative terminology":, "T219: Buddhist terminology":, "T288: misc. terminology":, "T239: Medical terminology":

h2. Tibetan literature and text production

h2. Administrative

h2. Administrative, Scientific, etc.

  • "tha snyad 'tshol bsher/, TibTerm": (accessed: 2020-02-05) Central Tibetan Administration, Department of Education, Dharamsala

h2. Religious

h2. Scientific

h2. Medical

  • see glossaries on medical plants, diseases and animals in Paljor et al. 2008, appendices 2-10
  • THDL Preliminary Glossary of Tibetan Medical Terms (version: October 2002, in-progress glossary project)

Cataloguing Tibetan material in TEI (manuscript description module)

Here follows a short list of projects using TEI xml to describe Tibetan texts.

h3. 1. "International Dunhuang Project":

British Library Encoding format: TEI XML; manuscript description module (since 2010?) Language: Wylie, Extended Wylie (lang="tib") released: 1998 cf. also IDP

h3. 2. "Catalogue of the Tibetan Tantric Manuscripts from Dunhuang in the Stein Collection":

University of Oxford Text Archive Encoding format: TEI XML; TEI P4, manuscript description module Language: Extended Wylie (lang="tib") released: 2005 cf. also Dalton & Van Schaik 2006

h3. 3. "Indo-Tibetan Books and Technology":

University of Cambridge Encoding format: TEI XML; TEI P4, msDesc Language: Extended Wylie (lang="bo-Latn-x-EWTS") released: 2013 cf. also TTBBC

h3. 4. "Karchak: A catalogue of Tibetan Manuscripts at the Bodleian Libraries":

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford Encoding format: TEI XML; TEI P5, msDesc element Language: Extended Wylie (lang=bo-Latn-x-EWTS), Tibetan (bo), LOC Wylie (lang="bo-Latn-x-LC") released: 2019 cf. also Barrett 1993

h3. 5. "Tibskrit Philology 2011":, Dan Martin

encoded and distributed by Dharma Drum Buddhist College (Jinshan, Taiwan) Encoding format: TEI XML; TEI P5; not acc. to manuscript description module Language: without particular language encoding released: 2011 cf. also Tibskrit 2011


Digitized Book Series for download

  1. "Bibliotheca Buddhica": 1897-1937; Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg

  2. "Studies in Manuscript Cultures (SMC), De Gruyter": 2011-; Hamburg University Michael Friedrich, Harunaga Isaacson (b. 1965) and Jörg B. Quenzer (eds.)

  3. "Wiener Studien zur Tibetologie und Buddhismuskunde (WSTB)": 1977-; Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien, Universität Wien

  4. Verzeichnis der Orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland (VOHD) 1966-; Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen "Band XI: Tibetische Handschriften und Blockdrucke":

  5. "Hamburg Buddhist Studies": 2010-; Numata Center for Buddhist Studies, Hamburg University Steffen Döll and Michael Zimmermann (b. 1979) (eds.)

  6. "Indian and Tibetan Studies":, Biblia Impex Pvt. Ltd. (accessed: 2021-02-13) 2014-; Department of Indian and Tibetan Studies, Hamburg University Harunaga Isaacson (b. 1965) and Dorji Wangchuk (b. 1967) (eds.)


SRC Sitemap Etexts

h2. Historical writings


** deb ther sngon po [mst], etext available ** deb ther dmar po gsar ma [mst], etext available ** bod kyi deb ther [mst], etext available


** lam 'bras slob bshad [1983-85], etexts available ** 'gos lo tsA ba'i rnam thar I [2004], etext available ** bkra shis rnam rgyal rnam thar [mst], etext available


** mang thos bstan rtsis [mst], etext available ...

Chronicles (monastic)

** ngor gdan rabs [Tshogshe 1985], etext available ** ngor gdan rabs kha skong [Tshogshe 1985], etext available ** zhwa lu gdan rabs [1971], etext available ** gsang phu'i gdan rabs [ms], etext available


** sa skya'i gdung rabs stag tshang [mst], etext available ** sa skya'i gdung rabs chen mo [mst], etext available ** sa skya'i gdung rabs kha skong [mst], etext available ** sa skya'i gdung rabs yang skong [mst] , etext available ...


** rgya bod yig tshang [mst], etext available ** bla ma dam pa bod kyi lo rgyus [mst] ** mkhyen brtse'i chos 'byung [mst], dpal sa skya pa'i ring lugs/, etext available ** ngo mtshar snang ba [mst], etext available

Records of Teachings Received

** gong ma rin po che'i thob yig [mst], etext available ** ngor chen thob yig [1993] ** bu ston gsan yig [1965] ** gong dkar ba'i gsan yig [mst], etext available ** tshogs slob brgyud yig [Lobshe 1983], etext available ** a mes zhabs thob yig [mst] , etext available

Religious histories

** bco brgyad khri chen sa skya chos 'byung [1969], etext available ** yar lung chos 'byung [1988], etext available ** 'brug pa'i chos 'byung [mst] , etext available ** bu ston chos 'byung [mst] ** chos 'byung rin po che'i gter [mst] ** mkhas pa'i dga' ston [mst] ** bka' gdams chos 'byung a mes zhabs [2000] ** bka' gdams chos 'byung lo dgon pa [mst]

h2. Text Catalogues

** sa skya pa'i dkar chag [1987], etext available ** Jackson 1989a, etext available ** po ta la'i sa skya'i gsung rab dkar chag [2015] ** rgyal yongs sa chen slob gnyer dkar chag [2009]

h2. Text Collections


sa skya bka' 'bum [mst], lam 'bras slob bshad/ [mst], lam 'bras tshogs bshad/ [mst], ... rgyud sde kun btus [1971/72], sgrub thabs kun btus [1970], ... e waM bka' 'bum [2009-2010], rdzong lugs kyi chos skor [2017], ...

h2. Collected Works

** a myes zhabs gsung 'bum [2012]

h2. Reference Material

Sakya Monasteries Lists

** Sakya Register [2006] ** khams khul sa dgon gyi mtshan tho

Sakya Person Lists

** Jackson 1991 ** Khetsun Sangpo Biographical dictionary [provide persons from TOC] ** abbatial lists, etc.

h2. Secondary Literature



Overview of digital editions & catalogues of the Tibetan canon (Kanjur and Tanjur)

provisional link list, updated: 2019-04-05

Pedurma edition (dpe bsdur ma/)

  • Pedurma Kanjur etext (bka' 'gyur/):
  • Pedurma Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
  • Pedurma Tanjur etext (bstan 'gyur/):
  • Pedurma Tanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):

Beijing block print (pe cin/), sigla: P or Q

  • Beijing Kanjur etext (bka' 'gyur/): n/a
  • Beijing Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
    • Peking Tripitaka Online Search, link
    • THL (kt-q-bib.xml), link
    • BDRC (no outline yet)
    • AIBS Buddhist Canons Research Database, link
    • rKTs, link
    • 84000, link
  • Beijing Tanjur etext (bstan 'gyur/): n/a
  • Beijing Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
    • Peking Tripitaka Online Search, link
    • THL (kt-q-bib.xml), link
    • BDRC, link
    • AIBS Buddhist Canons Research Database, link
    • rKTs, link
    • 84000, link

Cone block print (co ne/), sigla: C

  • Cone Kanjur etext (bka' 'gyur/): n/a
  • Cone Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
  • Cone Tanjur etext (bstan 'gyur/): n/a
  • Cone Tanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):

Derge block print (sde dge), sigla: D or Toh

  • Derge Kanjur etext (bka' 'gyur/)
    • ACIP (release v?), link
    • THL/UVA, link
    • Adarsha, link
    • Esukhia-Barom, link
    • rKTs (old website)
  • Derge Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
    • ACIP (release v?), link
    • Peking Tripitaka Online Search, link
    • THL, link
    • Adarsha
    • BDRC, link
    • AIBS Buddhist Canons Research Database, link
    • rKTs, link
    • Digital Database of Buddhist Tripitaka Catalogues, link
  • Derge Tanjur etext (bstan 'gyur/)
    • ACIP (release v?), link
    • THL/UVA, link
    • Adarsha, link
    • Esukhia-Barom, link
    • rKTs (old website)
  • Derge Tanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
    • ACIP (release v?), link
    • Peking Tripitaka Online Search, link
    • Adarsha
    • BDRC, link
    • AIBS Buddhist Canons Research Database, link
    • rKTs, link
    • Digital Database of Buddhist Tripitaka Catalogues, link

Ganden Golden manuscript (dga' ldan/)

  • Ganden Tanjur etext (bstan 'gyur/): n/a
  • Ganden Tanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
    • Peking Tripitaka Online Search, link
    • BDRC, link
    • rKTs, link

Narthang block print (snar thang /), sigla: N

  • Narthang Kanjur etext (bka' 'gyur/): n/a
  • Narthang Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
    • Peking Tripitaka Online Search, link
    • THL (kt-n-bib.xml), link
    • AIBS Buddhist Canons Research Database, link
    • BDRC, link
    • rKTs, link
  • Narthang Tanjur etext (bstan 'gyur/): n/a
  • Narthang Tanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
    • Peking Tripitaka Online Search, link
    • THL (kt-n-bib.xml), link
    • AIBS Buddhist Canons Research Database, link
    • BDRC, link

Lhasa block print (lha sa/), sigla: H

  • Lhasa Kanjur etext (bka' 'gyur/):
    • ACIP (incomplete; old website, release iv)
  • Lhasa Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):

Lithang block print (li thang /, 'jang sa tham/), sigla: J

  • Lithang Kanjur etext (bka' 'gyur/):
  • Lithang Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):
    • Adarsha
    • BDRC (no outline yet)
    • rKTs, link

Urga block print (ur ga), sigla: U

  • Urga Kanjur etext (bka' 'gyur/): n/a
  • Urga Kanjur catalogue/index (dkar chag/):

བོད་ཡིག་ཡིག་གཟུགས། | Tibetan Unicode - A Basic Link List

h2. On the Structure and Composition of Tibetan Unicode

h2. Tibetan Unicode Block

Range: 0F00 to 0FFF (0x0F00 to 0x0FFF); ~ 207/211 characters

h2. Tibetan Fonts Overview

h2. Fonts for Download

Tibetan fonts developed by Google - "Noto Sans Tibetan":

h2. Character Picker

h2. Free Software to Modify TrueType or OpenType Fonts

See also tutorial by Craft Chatterbox on "youtube": (accessed: 2018-06-29)


zhabs rim (prayers and mantras)

h2. ཐུབ་པ་སངས་རྒྱས་བཅོམ་ལྡན་འདས་ཀྱི་མཚན་སྔགས།

གང་གི་ཐུགས་བརྩེ་ཉེར་བཟུང་ནས། །ལྟ་བ་ཐམས་ཅད་སྤང་པའི་ཕྱིར། །དམ་པའི་ཆོས་ནི་སྟོན་མཛད་པ། །གོ་ཏམ་དེ་ལ་ཕྱག་འཚལ་ལོ། ། ཨོཾ་མུ་ནི་མུ་ནི་མཧཱ་མུ་ནི་ཡེ་སྭ་ཧཱ།

དགེ་བ་འདི་ཡིས་མྱུར་དུ་བདག་། སྟོན་པ་སངས་རྒྱས་འགྲུབ་གྱུར་ནས། །འགྲོ་བ་གཅིག་ཀྱང་མ་ལུས་པ། །དེ་ཡི་ས་ལ་འགོད་པར་ཤོག་།

h2. འཕགས་པ་སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས་ཀྱི་མཚན་སྔགས།

སྐྱོན་གྱིས་མ་གོས་སྐུ་མདོག་དཀར། །རྫོགས་སངས་རྒྱས་ཀྱིས་དབུ་ལ་བརྒྱན། །ཐུགས་རྗེ་ཅན་གྱིས་འགྲོ་ལ་གཟིགས། །སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས་ལ་ཕྱག་འཚལ་ལོ། ། ཨོཾ་མ་ཎི་པདྨ་ཧཱུཾ།

h2. ཨོ་རྒྱན་འབྱུང་བཞིའི་གསོལ་འདེབས།

ས་ཆུ་མེ་རླུང་འབྱུང་བའི་བར་ཆད་ས༔ སྒྱུ་ལུས་ཉེན་ཅིང་འཇིག་པའི་དུས་བྱུང་ཚེ༔ ཡིད་གཉིས་ཐེ་ཚོམ་མེད་པར་གསོལ་བ་འདེབས༔ ཨོ་རྒྱན་འབྱུང་བ་བཞི་ཡི་ལྷ་མོར་བཅས༔ འབྱུང་བ་རང་སར་ཞི་བར་ཐེ་ཚོམ་མེད༔ ཨོ་རྒྱན་པདྨ་འབྱུང་གནས་ལ་གསོལ་བར་འདེབས༔ བསམ་པ་ལྷུན་གྱིས་འགྲུབ་པར་བྱིན་གྱིས་རློབས།


Verzeichnis der Orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland (VOHD)

Dge ba'i bshes gnyen rnam pa tsho lags,

the internet is nice and generous again! Almost the complete VOHD series is now freely availably, nicely digitized and searchable. Enjoy, if you did not encounter this repository already before.

Best wishes

"Band XI: Tibetische Handschriften und Blockdrucke, Pdf download": (accessed: 2017-04-06)

"Band XI: Tibetische Handschriften und Blockdrucke, Contents": (accessed: 2017-04-06)


Brill online publications

Dear friends,

some of you may not have encountered those two new Brill pdfs for downloads.

Tibetan printing: comparisons, continuities and change ( Diemberger et al. 2016) "Brill Online version": (accessed on 2016-07-05 23:25:00)

Meanings of community across medieval Eurasia: comparative approaches ( Hovden et al. 2016) "Brill Online version": (accessed on 2016-07-05 23:35:00)

Best wishes Mathias


The bKa' gdams pa school of Tibetan Buddhism for download

Dear friends,

the Digital Himalaya Project recently made available the revised PhD dissertation of Gianpaolo Vetturini :

"The bKa' gdams pa school of Tibetan": includes a critical edition of the bka' gdams chos 'byung lo dgon pa [mst].

For further bibliographical data, cf. Vetturini 2013.


Benjamin Wood’s thesis on the Shalu abbatial history for download

Dear friends,

please note that Benjamin Wood 's PhD thesis is available for download. The full title reads "The jeweled fish hook: monastic exemplarity in the Shalu abbatial history Book":

For further bibliographical data, cf. Wood 2012.


སྐྱེས་མཆོག་འཇམ་དབྱངས་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་རྗེས་སུ་དྲན་པའི་ཚིགས་ཀྱི་ཆུན་པོ། | Praise for Gene Smith

h3. Praise for Ellis Gene Smith (1936–2010)

skyes mchog 'jam dbyangs rnam rgyal rjes su dran pa'i tshigs kyi chun po/

1) rgyal ba kun gyi ye shes sku/ / 'jam dpal dbyangs la phyag byas nas/ / bdag gzhan ma rig mun pa las/ / rnam par rgyal phyir 'dir 'jug bya/ /

2) 'di na rgyal ba'i bka' dang lung / / 'phags bod mkhas grub grangs med pa'i/ / mtha' yas gsung rab sgyu skar tshogs/ / sgyu 'phrul mkha' yi ngos su 'char/ /

3) e ma'o dpag med ngo mtshar gyi/ / 'phrul gyi bkod pa 'byams klas pa/ / rnam par sprul pa'i byed pa po/ / skyes mchog 'jam dbyangs rnam rgyal bstod/ /

4) sngon gyi thub pa'i skyes rabs su/ / dam chos tshigs su bcad phyir yang/ / lus srog longs spyod yongs btang ba'i/ / bya dka'i spyod pa rgya mtsho spyad/ /

5) deng 'dir ngo mtshar 'phrul gyi gzhir/ / ma lus rgyal ba'i bka' dang bstan/ / mtha' yas gsung rab bye ba phrag / cig car 'char ba 'di ko rmad/ /

7) srid pa'i 'phrul gyi me long ngos/ / sna tshogs chos kyi snang brnyan 'bum/ / mngon par 'du ba'i byed po ni/ / bsngags 'os bsngags shing drin yang dran/ /

8) chos kyi sprin chen las 'byung ba'i/ / byin brlabs sbrang char zim bu yis/ / yid la sim pa'i dpal bskyed cing / / kun rmongs srid pa'i gdung ba sel/ /

9) bskal mang rnyed dka'i thub pa'i chos/ / rnam mang dka' bas rab bsgrubs te/ / grangs mang 'gro la sman pa'i phyir/ / thabs mang 'phrul gyis spel la bstod/ /

10) grangs med bskal pa bye ba ru/ / bzod med dka' bas btsal gyur ba'i/ / zla med gsung rab 'bum phrag kyang / / 'bad med ci dgar mjal 'dis tshengs/ /

11) gang gi thugs bskyed las 'khrungs pa/ / ngo mtshar chos kyi gter mdzod las/ / 'dzad med 'phrul gyi chos sbyin ni/ / srid pa mthar byas de srid spel/ /

12) bod kyi brda ru legs bsgyur ba'i/ / snying po nang gi don bstan pa/ / mtha' dag gsung rab dpe tshogs kyi/ / lte gnas 'di yang rgyal gyur cig /

13) skyes bu mchog de'i dgongs pa che/ / ma lus lhun gyis grub pa dang / / de yi sri zhur gtogs kun kyang / / shin tu shis pa nyid gyur cig /

ces pa 'di ni skyes mchog dam pa de nyid kyi 'phrin las la snying nas gus shing / rjes su yi rang ba khyad par can byung ba brten rjes dran lo mchod 'bul ba'i dus dang bstun te rang gi yid 'dun mtshon pa'i phyir gong dkar ba blo gsal don grub kyis phyi lo 2011 zla ba 12 tshes 23 dge bar phyag bcas phul/ /